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同等学力申硕英语模拟题库

作者:向锦老师 时间:2023-10-13 22次

摘要:同等学力申硕英语模拟

                                                                       同等学力申硕英语模拟题库

Part 3 Reading Comprehension (25 points)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements.each with four suggested answers A. B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.                                                                                                   

                                                                               Passage One

The science of meteorology is concerned with the study of the structure state, and the behavior of the atmosphere. The subject may be approached from several directions, but the scene cannot be fully appreciated from any advantage point. Different views must be integrated to give perspective to the whole picture.


One may consider the condition of the atmosphere at a given moment and attempt to predict changes from that condition over a period of a few hours to a few days ahead. This approach is covered by the branch of the science called synoptic meteorology.


Synoptic meteorology is the scientific basis of technique of weather forecasting by means of the preparation and analysis of weather maps and aerological diagrams. The practical importance of the numerous applications of weather forecasting cannot be overestimated. In serving the needs of shipping, aviation, agriculture, industry, and many other interests and fields of human activity with accurate weather warnings and professional forecast advance, great benefits are reaped in the form of the saving of human life and property and in economic advantages of various kinds. One important purpose of the science of meteorology is constantly to strive, through advanced study and research, to increase our knowledge of the atmosphere with the aim of improving the accuracy of weather forecasts.

 

The tools needed to advance our knowledge in this way are the disciplines of mathematics and physics applied to solve meteorological problems. The use of these tools forms that branch of the science called dynamic meteorology.


同等学力申硕英语模拟题库


21.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A.The Limitations of Meteorological Forecasting.

B.New Advances in Synoptic Meteorology.

C.Approaches to the Science of Meteorology

D.The Basis of Dynamic Meteorology

22.The predictions of synoptic meteorologists are directly based on the             

A. application of the physical sciences

B. preparation and study of weather maps

C.anticipated needs of industry

D.observations of commercial airline pilots

23.Which of the following is NOT referred to by the author as a field whose needs are        served by weather forecasting?

A.transportation

B.manufacturing

C.farming

D.sports

24.The author implies that increased accuracy in weather forecasting will lead to                

A.more funds allocated to meteorological research

B.greater protection of human life

C.a higher number of professional forecasters

D.less-specialized forms of synoptic meteorology

25.Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the third paragraph of the passage?

A.A procedure is explained and its importance is emphasized.

B.Two contrasting views of a problem are presented.

C. Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance .

D. A problem is examined and possible solutions are given.


同等学力英语模拟试卷


[答案与解析]

21. C文章首段首句就点明了文章的主题是气象科学(The science of meteorology),随后就讲述了预测天气的方法----天气学,接着又讲到用于解决气象问题的工具一一动力气象学,可知本文主要讲述的是气象科学中用到的一些方法,C项是文章的最佳标题。

22.B文章第三段第一句提到,“Synoptic meteorology is the scientific basis of technique of weather forecasting by means of the preparation and analysis of weather maps and aerological diagrams即天气学是借助气象图和高空气象图的绘制与分析来预测天气的技术科学基础。diagrams”故天气学家的预测应当是以B项“气象图的绘制和分析”为依据的。

23.D文章第三段第三话提到天气学的应用领域有“In serving the needs of shipping.aviation,agriculture,industry”。其中shipping和aviation对应A项transportation,agricultural对应C项farming。industry对应B项manufacturing。只有D项未提及,为正确答案。

24.B文童第三段第三句话提到“... with accurate weather warnings and professional forecast advance, great benefits are reaped in the form of the saving of human life and property and in economic advantages of various kinds”,即准确的气象预测和专业预测咨询会在许多方面获益:挽救人类生命、保护财产以及各种经济优势。因此,B项应是正确的答案。

25.A本段首先定义了什么是天气学,随后指出准确预报的重要性,最后又提到了气象科学的一个重要目的,故A项是正确答案。

……………………

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